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2013 General State Budget
Orsamentu Jeral Estadu 2013

15 December 2012.  Updated 3 May 2017.

     Link to pages on original 2012 state budget and budget rectification.      Liga ba pájina kona-ba OJE 2012 orijinál no retifikativu.
Link to page on OJE 2014

Click on any graphic on this page to see it larger.

Contents of this page

Konteúdu pájina ida ne’e

Background and process

The Government normally presents the annual budget to Parliament by 15 October. However, because a new Government was formed, that date does not apply for the 2013 budget. The budget was Council of Ministers approved the budget envelope in November and the budget itself on 10 December, sending it to Parliament a week later. Parliament will debate, amend and enact it in January and February 2013. Until the new budget is promulgated, state operations during the first months of 2013 will be financed under the "duo-decimal regime" described in Article 31 of the Budget and Financial Management Law, based on the mid-year budget rectification law passed in September.

In November and December, Parliament's committees and plenary received and discussed reports from the Government and Court of Appeals and other information (including Deloitte's audits of procurement practices in many agencies) on state finances during 2011Committee C's report, adopted unanimously, includes many recommendations applicable to the 2013 budget.

On 17 December, Jornal Nacional Diario reported that Secretary of State for Parliamentary Issues Terezinha Viegas said that the Government's budget proposal will be $1,797,519,000 (the headline was off by a factor of 1,000). The Ministry of Finance did not begin to publish  the budget books on its website until 17 January, but La'o Hamutuk made them available on this page at the beginning of 2013.

The proposed budget law (also Portuguese) was presented to Parliament on 18 December, together with an explanatory memorandum (also Portuguese) and a justification (also Portuguese) for withdrawing more than the Estimated Sustainable Income from the Petroleum Fund once again.

Committee C announced its schedule of hearings and other activities relating to the 2013 State Budget, and a few days later, Parliament released the schedules for every committee's budget-related processes.

On 9 January 2013, Parliament held an all-day seminar on the budget, including a presentation by La'o Hamutuk on energy policy (Tetum).

La'o Hamutuk testified to Parliament Committee C (finances) on 14 January and to Committee D (economy) on 18 January, also presenting a written submission and a later comment on the Agriculture Budget.

On 25 January, La'o Hamutuk briefed more than 40 people from civil society and universities. Download an English translation of the presentation as a Powerpoint or PDF (4 MB each).

Antesedente no prosesu

Governu bai-bain aprezenta orsamentu anual ba tinan tuir mai ba Parlamentu iha 15 Outubru. Maske nune'e, tanba Governu foun foin mak forma iha tinan ida ne'e, data ne'e la aplika ba orsamentu 2013. Konsellu Ministru aprova ona OJE 2013 iha fulan Dezembru, no proposta sei ba Parlamentu Nasional durante semana terseiru fulan ida ne'e. Parlamentu sei debate, altera no aprova iha Janeiru no Fevereiru 2013. Molok OJE foun hetan promulgasaun, operasaun estadu durante fulan primeiru 2013 sei finansia tuir "rejimu duo-decimal" ne'ebe deskreve iha Artigu 31 Lei Orsamentu no Jestaun Finanseiru (Port.), bazeia ba Orsamentu Retifikativu aprova ona iha fulan Setembru.

Durante fulan Novembru no Dezembru, Komisaun sira iha Parlamentu Nasionál, no mós plenária, simu no diskute relatóriu husi Governu no Tribunal Rekursu, no mós informasaun seluk (inklui relatóriu sira husi Deloitte kona ba aprovizionamentu iha ajénsia balun) kona ba finansas estadu nian durante 2011. Relatóriu husi Komisaun C hatán aprovasaun ho unanimidade, iha rekomendasaun balun bele aplika ba OGE 2013.

Iha loron 17 Dezembru, Diario Nasionál fó sai katak OJE 2012 sei iha montante $1.797 biliaun, hanesan iha artigu iha liman los.

Komisaun C Parlamentu Nasional fo sai nia kalendariu ba audiensia publiku no atividade sira seluk kona-ba OJE 2013, no loron balu tuir mai, Parlamentu publiku kalendariu husi komisaun hotu.

Iha loron 9 Janeiru 2013, Parlamentu organiza seminariu kona ba OJE 2013, ho aprezentasaun ida husi La'o Hamutuk kona-ba politika enerjetika.

La'o Hamutuk ko’alia iha audiénsia públiku iha Komisaun C (finansas) Parlamentu iha loron 14 Janeiru no ba Komisaun D (ekonomia) iha loron 18 Janeiru, no mós fó submisaun, no orsida fo komentariu kona ba orsamentu ba agrikultura.

Iha loron 25 Janeiru, La'o Hamutuk fó aprezentasaun ba ema na’in 40 husi sosiedade sivíl no universidade. Bele download aprezentasaun ne'e hanesan Powerpoint ka PDF (ida-ida 4 MB).

On 23 January, the International Budget Partnership released its its bi-annual Open Budget Survey. Timor-Leste scored 36 out of 100, a slight improvement over our score of 34 two years ago, but still "minimal." The OBS report on Timor-Leste (also Portuguese) recommends that the Government publish a "Citizens Budget" in understandable language, mid-year reviews, year-end reports and audit reports in a timely manner.They also suggested more comprehensive and better-classified data on past expenditures and future forecasts showing how the budget interacts with policy proposals, program-level budget details and a public pre-budget policy debate. La'o Hamutuk supports these recommendations and other steps to make our budgeting process more participatory and meaningful, as described on our blog, which includes additional links. Iha loron 23 Janeiru, International Budget Partnership publika nia survey semestral anuál Open Budget Survey.  Timor-Leste nia valor 36 hosi nasaun 100, kreximentu aumenta uitoan de’it kompara tinan rua liu ba ne’ebé Timor-Leste nia valor iha 34, maibé ida ne’e nafatin “minimal”. Relatóriu Open Budget Survey (Ingles ka Portugés) rekomenda katak governu publika “Orsamentu Sidadania” ho lingua ne’ebé fasil atu kompriende, ba avaliasaun tinan klaran, relatóriu anuál no relatóriu auditor tuir tempu ne’ebé determina. Sira mós sujere atu iha dadus ne’ebé komprensivu liu no iha klasifikasaun ne’ebé di’ak kona-ba projesaun pasadu no futuru kona-ba despeza nian hatudu sai oinsá orsamentu iha ligasaun ho proposta, nivel programa polítika orsamentál ho detallu no atu iha debate pre-polítika orsamentál. La’o Hamutuk suporta rekomendasaun no pasu sira seluk ne’e atu halo ita nia prosesu orsamentál sai partisipatória liu no iha valor, hanesan hateten iha ami nia blogue (Ingles), ne’ebé inklui ligasaun adisionál balu.

Government Budget Proposal

Note: smaller graphics in this part of the web page describe the budget as Government proposed it to Parliament.  See below for graphics and other information on the final version approved by Parliament and Promulgated by the President of the Republic.

The first specific information was made public in a Government press release summarizing the 10 December meeting of the Council of Ministers which approved the proposed 2013 General State Budget law. $1,798 million in expenditures will be broken down as follows:

  • $160.257 million for Salaries and Wages

  • $461.744 million for Goods and Services
    (including $42.448 million through the Human Capital Development Fund, $8.549 million of which is carried over from 2012)

  • $236.473 million for Public Transfers

  • $  47.150 million for Minor Capital

  • $891.895 million for Development Capital
    (including $752.877 million through the Infrastructure Fund, $444.351 million of which is carried over from 2012, including $43.1 million in loans).

New appropriations and loans total $1,345 million, a significant and welcome reduction from rapidly escalating appropriations in recent years.

Proposta Orsamentu husi Governu

Avisu: Grafiku ki'ik iha parte iha ne'e kona-ba proposta orsamentu. Hare iha kraik atu hetan grafiku no informasaun kona-ba verzaun final.

Komunikadu imprensa (Portugés) husi Governu sumariza enkontru Konsellu Ministru iha loron 10 Dezembru, ne’ebé aprova proposta lei ba OJE 2013. Gastu ho montate tokon $1,797 inklui komponente tuir mai:

  • tokon $160.257 ba Saláriu no Bensimentu

  • tokon $461.744 ba Bens no servisu
    (inklui tokon $42.448 liu Fundu Dezenvolvimentu Kapitál Umanu, inklui tokon $8.549 "carryover" husi OJE 2012)

  • tokon $236.473 ba Transferénsia Públiku

  • tokon $ 47.150 ba Kapitál Menór

  • tokon $891.895 ba Kapitál no Dezenvolvimentu
    (inklui tokon $752.877 liu Fundu Infrastrutura, inklui tokon $444.351 "carryover" husi OJE 2012).

Total dotasaun foun no emprestimu hamutuk tokon $1,345, redusaun ida ne’ebe boot ba dotasaun sira ne’ebe durante ne’e sa’e maka’as teb-tebes iha tinan balu foin dadak ne’e.

The graph at right (click to make it larger) shows that the total size of the 2013 budget is $1.8 billion, about the same as the final enacted 2012 budget. Executed expenditures during 2012 will probably be less than $1.4 billion, so this is still a significant increase in spending. (The methodology for calculating GDP changed in 2009, so earlier values are not comparable to later ones.)

The biggest change is on the revenue side. Instead of withdrawing $1.5 billion from the Petroleum Fund as was done in 2012, the 2013 budget will only withdraw $1.2 billion. This is 4.6% of Timor-Leste's anticipated petroleum wealth, more than the 3% Estimated Sustainable Income, although it is less unsustainable than the 6.7% the Government withdrew from the Petroleum Fund during 2012. La'o Hamutuk appreciates this move in the direction of fiscal responsibility and we hope it will continue.

Gráfiku iha liman karuk (Kliik atu halo boot) hatudu volume orsamentál 2013 ho tokon $1.8, maizumenus hanesan ho orsamentu final ne’ebé aprova iha 2012. Despeza ne’ebe ezekutadu durante 2012 provavelmente sei menus hosi biliaun $1.4, tanbe ne’e, ida ne’e nafatin nudar kresimentu gastu ida ne’ebe signifikante ida. (Metodolojia atu kalkula GDP muda ona iha 2009, nune’e valor GDP primeiru nian labele kompara ho valor GDP ida ne’ebe.)

Mudansa boot liu halo iha parte rendimentu. Duke foti biliaun $1.5 hosi Fundu hanesan halo iha 2012, iha OJE 2013 ne’e fot deit biliaun $1.2. Montante ne’e hanesan 4.6% hosi riku-soin petroliferu Timor-Leste nian ne’ebe antisipa, liu 3% husi Rendimentu Sustentável Estimativa, maske ida ne’e ladun la sustentável hanesan ho 6,7% ne’ebé Governu foti hasai husi Fundu Petróleu durante 2012. La’o Hamutuk apresia ba mudansa diresaun responsabilidade fiskál nian ida ne’e no ami espera katak mudansa ne’e sei kontinua.

However, the reduction in Petroleum Fund transfers during 2013 is possible only because Timor-Leste withdrew much more from the Fund in 2012 than was needed to pay for state activities during that year. As the graph at left shows, at the end of 2012 the State Treasury held $819 million, nearly double the amount a year earlier.

Although Petroleum Fund withdrawals will be lower in 2013, the budget forecasts withdrawing more than double the ESI in all future years:

Maske nune’e, redusaun transferénsia Fundu Petrolíferu durante 2013 ne’e akontese de’it tanba Timor-Leste hasai ona osan barak hosi Fundu Petrolíferu iha 2012 ne’ebé sira presiza atu selu atividade estadu durante tinan ne’ebá. Hanesan gráfiku iha liman karuk hatudu, iha tinan 2012 nia rohan iha tokon $819 rai hela iha Tesoro Estadu, besik dala-rua kompara ho montante iha tinan 2011 nia rohan.

Maske iha 2013 osan ne’ebé hasai hosi Fundu Petróleu ne’e sei menus, maibé orsamentu estadu halo projesaun ba osan ne’ebé atu foti iha tinan tomak futuru nian sei liu dala-rua kompara ho nivel RSE.

The Petroleum Fund will fill about three-fourths of the $1.65 billion non-oil "budget deficit," and the rest will come from $410 million carried over from unspent money in the Infrastructure and Human Capital Development Funds at the end of 2012 and $44 million in loans. (The Government carried over only $132 million from 2011 into 2012, so this is a major increase.) During 2012, the Government deposited more than $700 million into the Infrastructure Fund, which was much too optimistic. Only about 14% of the non-electricity Infrastructure Fund allocations for 2012 had been spent by mid-December, with another 25% committed.

On the expenditure side of the 2013 State Budget, salaries and purchases of goods and services will go up significantly, with recurrent expenditures increasing 20% over the original 2012 budget. Public transfers (pensions, veterans' benefits, etc.) were increased in the October budget rectification and will continue at this higher level. Capital expenditure will get smaller, perhaps in recognition that some of the most unrealistic proposed projects will not benefit Timor-Leste or are impossible to implement on ambitious schedules.

Fundu Petróleu sei taka maizumenus ¾ “defisit orsamentál” naun petrolíferu biliaun $1.65 no nia restu sei mai hosi “carry over” tokon $410 ne’ebé la konsege gasta iha fin 2012 hosi Fundu Infrastrutura no Fundu Dezenvolvimentu Kapitál Umanu, no balu hosi tokon $44 hosi empréstimu (Governu nia “carry over” hosi 2011 ba 2012 iha de’it tokon $132, hatudu katak iha duni kreximentu boot ba “carry over” iha 2013). Durante 2012 Governu rai liu tokon $700 ba iha Fundu Infrastrutura, ne’ebe optimistiku demais. 14% deit hosi osan ne’ebe aloka iha 2012 ba Fundu Infrastrutura la inklui osan ba projetu eletrisidade mak gasta iha fulan klaran Dezembru nian, no 25% seluk nudár komitmentu.

Iha parte despeza nian iha OJE 2013, saláriu no atu sosa bens no servisu nian sei sa’e signifikamente, ho despeza rekorente nian sa’e 20% kompara ho OJE orijinál 2012 nian. Transferensia públiku (pensaun, benefísiu ba veteranu, no seluk tan) sa’e iha Orsamentu Rektifikativu iha Outubru 2012 no sei kontinua iha nivel as ida ne’e. Despeza kapital sei kiik liu, tanba rekonese katak iha projetu balu ne’ebe proposta ba barak liu la realistiku no labele fo benefisiu ba Timort-Leste ka imposivel atu implementa tuir orariu ne’ebe ambisiozu ne’e.

Although the budget documents do not give estimated total costs for the multi-year projects paid for through the Infrastructure Fund, they include more complete projections than in previous years. The graph at left shows how spending for major infrastructure from 2011 to 2017 is allocated, while the one below shows how this spending changes over time. It shows that the increasing outlays for the Tasi Mane project will dominate Infrastructure Fund spending after 2015, with no end in sight.

La'o Hamutuk prepared these two graphs based on Book 6 of the proposed 2013 Budget. They use executed expenditures during 2011 and 2012, and appropriations and projections for 2013-2017.

Maske dokumentu orsamental la fo estimasaun total kustu ba projetu multi anual sira ne’ebe hetan pagamentu liu hosi Fundu Infrastrutura, maibe sira inklui projesaun ne’ebe mais kompletu kompara ho tinan balu liu ba. Grafiku iha liman los hatudu oinsa alokasun gastus ba infrastrutura boot sira hodi 2011 too 2017, no iha parte kraik hatudu oinsa gastu sira ne’e iha mudansa durante ne’e. Grafiku ne’e hatudu katak kresimentu despeza ba projetu Tasi Mane sei domina gastu Fundu Infrastrutura hafoin 2015, no la hatudu limitasaun.
Although capital spending for electricity is declining, an additional $118 million is budgeted for generator fuel in 2013, and the cost will escalate as power consumption goes up and fuel prices rise, although the budget documents do not consider this. La'o Hamutuk estimates that EDTL's revenues will cover about 15% of its operational costs, or only 7% when maintenance and capital investment are factored in.Maske despeza kapitál ba eletrisidade tun, no adesaun tokon $118 orsamenta hela ba kombustivel jeradór iha 2013, no kustu sei sa’e tanba konsumsaun enerjia no presu kombustivel sa’e, maske livru OJE la konsidera ida ne’e. la’o Hamutuk estimatiza katak reseita EDTL sei kobre 15% hosi nia kustu operasionál, ka 7% de’it bainhira hamenus tiha ho manutensaun no kapitál investimentu.

The Consolidated Fund of Timor-Leste (CFTL) includes all State activities not covered by the Infrastructure Fund, and totals $1,002 million in 2013. The original 2012 budget was $844m, and it was increased to $893m in the mid-year rectification. According to the Transparency Portal on 22 January, $790m of this had been spent, with another $50 million committed or obligated. If all these commitments are fulfilled, executed 2012 CFTL expenditures during 2012 will be 94% of the budgeted total. The proposed 2013 CFTL appropriation is 20% more than was executed during 2012.

Article 22.3(a) of the Budget and Financial Management Law says that the Budget should include "the total revenues foreseen by the Government, as well as the expenses and resulting balances for the next two years", that is 2014 and 2015. At first glance, the proposed budget documents appear to be even better, publishing revenue and expenditure estimates through 2017.  However, a closer examination shows that these are not meaningful projections. Budget books 4A and 4B include more than 600 pages of expenditure information on every agency, and each page lists about 40 expenditure items for the agency it describes. The four columns from 2014-2017 contain about 100,000 numbers -- and every single one of them is exactly 4% higher than the corresponding number for the previous year.  Not only is this too simplistic -- it is not credible with anticipated 7.7% annual inflation and improving quality and coverage of state services. Expenditure forecasting requires more than a simple universal formula, and we hope that Government will take this seriously in the future.

The first pages of preliminary Budget Books 4 tabulate Consolidated Fund expenditures allocated by item, but the Budget Books do not include a table summarizing the amount for each ministry or agency. La'o Hamutuk has compiled the following table, showing the appropriation in thousands of US dollars for each organ in the mid-year 2012 budget and the proposed 2013 budget. Additional expenditures from the Infrastructure and Human Capital Development Funds are listed in Budget Book 6.

Ministry or AgencyCFTL 2012
mid-year rectified budget
CFTL 2013 proposed General State BudgetPercent increase
President of the Republic6,415 6,633 3.4
National Parliament15,569 14,477 -7.0
Prime Minister total, including51,845 103,446 99.5

PM Civil Society

11,957 18,075 51.2

PM National Development Agency

32,021 8,088 -74.7

PM PDID (decentralized development)

0 68,192  

PM Intelligence Service

1,420 1,939 36.5
VPM Social Affairs792113743.6
SE Parliamentary Affairs283 251  
SE Media1,898 1,593  
SE Institutional Strengthening101 697  
SE Private Sector1,885 3,793  
SE Council of Ministers775 1,314 69.5
SE Youth Sports5,620 4,578 -18.5
Min Petroleum and Mineral Resources6,319 9,301 47.2
Min Presidency Council of Ministers2,127 3,318  
SE Professional Training & Employment22,255 12,853 -42.2
SE Promotion Equality1,378 1,867 35.5
Min Defense Security total, including70,491 64,506 -8.5

MDS SE Defense

3,227 3,046 -5.6


26,580 24,686 -7.1

MDS SE Security

6,477 8,460 30.6


22,361 24,648 10.2
Min Foreign Affairs20,679 27,403 32.5
Min Finances15,700 25,483 62.3
Whole of Government total, including52,697 70,457 33.7

Whole Counterpart

2,204 2,000 -9.3

Whole Contingency

27,308 28,987 6.1

Whole International Organizations

1,000 1,885 88.5

Whole Pensions ex-office-holders

5,783 3,000 -48.1

Whole Border Posts

8,136 6,740 -17.2

Whole G7+

1,000 1,500 50.0

Whole Telecom

3,000 1,500 -50.0

Whole Business verification

0 1,087  

Whole Special Regimes

0 10,000  

Whole Major Projects

0 1,558  

Whole Legal Services Fund

0 10,000  
Min Justice11,971 16,570 38.4
Min Health49,924 61,508 23.2
SAMES medical supplies5,901 846 -85.7
Min Education82,408 91,827 11.4
Min State Administration74,182 47,649 -35.8
Min Economy and Development (extinct)5,480 0 -100.0
Min Social Solidarity162,028 147,663 -8.9
Min Commerce, Industry, Environment19,034 15,582 -18.1
   MCIA Food Security9,183 4,899 -46.7
Min Agriculture & Fisheries16,787 24,176 44.0
Min Public Works total152,088 192,821 26.8
   MPW Generator Fuel(see EDTL below)117,759  
   MPW Roads26,574 1,219 -95.4
IGE equipment management4,426 4,235 -4.3
EDTL electricity105,087 13,827 25.2
Min Transport Communications5,989 12,359 106.4
ANATL airports504 637 26.4
APORTIL ports3,481 2,843 -18.3
Min Tourism3,879 6,088 56.9
Courts2,789 3,329 19.4
Prosecutor-General4,291 3,505 -18.3
Provedor1,249 2,145 71.7
Radio-Television Timor-Leste3,327 3,153 -5.2
National Elections Commission5,848 4,231 -27.7
Anti-Corruption Commission1,442 1,448 0.4
Public Service Commission3,223 4,129 28.1
Total Consolidated Fund$893,499$1,002,19412.2%
Fundu Konsolidadu Timor-Leste (FKTL) inklui atividade estadu tomak maibé la inklui Fundu Infrastrutura, no total FKTL hamutuk tokon $1,002 iha 2013. FKTL iha Orsamentu orijinál 2012 hamutuk tokon $844, no montante ne’e sa’e ba tokon $893 iha retifikasaun tinan klaran. Tuir Portal Transparensia iha 22 Janeiru, tokon $790 gasta ona ho tokon $50 seluk iha hela komitmentu ka obrigasaun. Karik omitmentu sira ne’e halo tuir hotu, despeza KFTL ne’ebe ezekuta iha 2012 sei sa’e 94% hosi total orsamentu. Proposta KFTL iha 2013 liu 20% hosi ezekusaun durante 2012.

Artigu 22.3(a) Lei Orsamentál no Jestaun Finanseiru (Portuguese) hateten katak orsamentu tenke inklui “total rendimentu tenke ekspeta hosi Governu, no mós balansu hosi despeza no rezultadu ba tinan rua oin mai,” katak tinan 2014 no 2015. Hare kois de’it, dokumentu OJE ne’e hare ba di’ak liu, hodi publika estimasaun reseita no despeza to’o tinan 2017. Maske nune’e, bainhira hare kle’an liu buat sira ne’e la hatudu projesaun ida ne’ebé lójiku liu. Livru 4A no 4B inklui informasaun liu pájina 600 kona-ba kada ministériu no ajénsia estadu nia, no kada pájina lista maizumenus dotasaun despeza 40 ba ajénsia sira ne’e. Kolom hat hosi 2014-2017 ko’alia kona-ba númeru 100,000 – no kada hosi ne’e serteza katak sira nia kreximentu 4% kompara ho númeru sira iha tinan kotuk. Laos de’it katak ida ne’e simplistiku demais – la kredivel ho antisipa inflasaun annual 7.7% no hadi’ak kualidade no publikasaun servisu estadu nian. Atu halo projesaun ba despeza nian presiza buat barak liu duke halo formulasaun universal simples ida, no ami espera katak Governu sei foti asuntu ne’e ho sériu iha futuru.

Pajina sira primeiru hosi Livru 4 OJE preliminaria nian halo tabulsaun despeza Fundu Konsolidadu ne’ebe aloka tuir itens, maibe Livru OJE la inklui tabela sumariu nian kona-ba montanta ba kada ministeriu ka kada ajensia. La’o Hamutuk halo kompilasaun tabela tuir mai, hodi hatudu dotasaun iha rihun dollar Estadu Unidus ba kada orgaun iha rektifikativu 2012 no proposta OJE 2013. Despeza adisional hosi Fundu Infrastrutura ni Fundu Dezenvolvimentu Kapital Umanu lista iha Livru 6 OJE.

Ministériu no Instituisaun 

Orsamentu retifikativu tinan klaran 2012 ba FKTL

Proposta Orsamentu Jerál KFTL 2013

Kreximentu persentajen

Prezidente da Repúblika




Parlamentu Nasionál




Total ba Gabinete Primeiru Ministru inklui


PM Sosiedade sivíl


PM Ajénsia Dezenvolvimentu


PM PDID (Dezenvolvimentu Desentralizasaun)


PM Servisu Intelijénsia


VPM Relasaun Sosiál


SE Relasaun Parlamentár


SE Media


SE  Fortalesimentu  Instituisaun


SE Setór Privadu


SE Konsellu Ministru


SE Juventude no Desportu


Min Petróleu no Rekursu Minerais


Min ba Prezidente Konsellu Ministru 


SE Formasaun Professional no Empregu


SE Promosaun Igualdade


Min Defeza Seguransa total  inklui


MDS SE Defeza




MDS SE Seguransa








Min Negósiu Estranjeiru




Min Finansa




Total hamutuk husi Governu




Parseiru Hotu




Emerjénsia Hotu




Organizasaun Internasionál Hotu




Pensaun tomak ba eis ofisiais




Postu Fronteira Hotu




G7+ Hotu




Telekomunikasaun Hotu




Verifikasaun ba Negósiu Hotu 




Rejime Espesiál Hotu




Projetu Boot Hotu




Fundu Servisu Legal Hotu




Min Justisa




Min Saúde




SAMES Fornesimentu Médiku




Min Edukasaun




Min Administrasaun Estatal




Min Dezenvolvimentu Ekonomia (la iha ona)




Min Solidariedade Sosiál




Min Komérsiu Indústria no Ambientál




MCIA Seguransa Ai han




Min Agrikultura no Peska




Total Min Obras Públiku




MOP Kombustivel ba Jeradór

 (haree EDTL iha okos)



MOP Estrada




IGE jestaun Ekipamentu




Eletrisidade EDTL




Min Transporte Telekomunikasaun




ANATL Aeroportu








Min Turizmu 
















Radio Televizaun Timor-Leste




Komisaun Nasionál Eleisaun




Komisaun Anti Korrupsaun




Komisaun Asisténsia Públiku




Total Fundu Konsolidadu




Debate in Parliamentary Plenary

At the conclusion of the Parliamentary hearings, Committee C compiled the reports of each Committee into a 92-page report (Portuguese original) including dozens of concerns and recommendations. The report was distributed and read when the Parliamentary plenary discussion opened on 4 February. Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão, FRETILIN leader Mari Alkatiri, CNRT leader Natalino dos Santos (Tetum), PD leader Lurdes Bessa (Tetum) and FM made opening statements, beginning three days of discussion on the budget in generality. Following closing statements by FRETILIN, CNRT, PD and FM, general debate concluded at 5:30 pm on 6 February with a vote to approve the budget in general, with 40 in favor, none opposed and 25 abstentions (all members of the FRETILIN opposition party.) La'o Hamutuk blogged on this (with Committee C's recommendations) and the Government issued a press release.

This will be followed by two weeks of debate and amendments on each section of the budget, with a final vote on 20 February. On 7 February, MPs debated a draft resolution (Port. original) to form an ad hoc committee, including coalition and opposition MPs, to some of the controversies before they come up in the plenary. The final resolution (Port. original), adopted by consensus, gives this committee three days to collect, discuss and decide by consensus to present amendments to the plenary, where they will be voted without substantive discussion. This committee is meeting behind closed doors, and La'o Hamutuk, media and others have been refused permission to observe its discussions, a significant setback for transparency in the budget process.

The public relations department of Parliament issues a daily press release in Tetum summarizing Parliament's plenary discussions, as follows:

After three days of secret meetings, the ad-hoc Committee submitted its proposed changes in the Budget Law (also Portuguese) to the Plenary on 14 February. The total budget will be $150 million smaller than the Government's December proposal, as shown in the table at right. The most significant changes are:

  1. Reduce the Contingency Fund by $8 million, although this potential saving is reallocated to other expenditure lines.

  2. Reduce generator fuel expenditures by $17 million, reallocating $15 million of this to road maintenance.

  3. Reduce appropriations to the Infrastructure Fund by $150 million (see table at right). The largest cuts are:

  • Electricity (cutting $50 million from $174 million originally proposed by Government)

  • MDG housing and sanitation (cutting $42 million from $88 million proposed)

  • Roads (cutting $29 million from $116 million proposed)

  • Public buildings (cutting $8 million from $29 million proposed).

  1. Apply $261 million of the cash balance in the treasury (which stood at $819 million at the end of 2012, largely because of excessive transfers from the Petroleum Fund, as shown in the graph above) instead of raising new revenue or additional transfers from the Petroleum Fund.

  2. Reduce planned withdrawals from the Petroleum Fund during 2013 from $1,198 million to $787 million, the amount estimated as the sustainable income (ESI).

These are moves in the right direction, although we are disappointed that Parliamentarians were not told about the consequences of deferring infrastructure projects for future budgets. We also wish that the huge expenditure for the the Tasi Mane project had been reduced. It was untouched as a show of national unity for the negotiations with Woodside and Australia currently underway.

Other changes by the ad hoc committee, which are all being accepted by Parliament, include the following additions (all additions, including those above, total $43.3 million)

  • $3.0m for PDID (small local infrastructure projects)
  • $2.0m for PNTL Medals and district petty cash
  • $2.0m for CNE subsidies for political parties
  • $1.5m for the Los Palos - Lore Road (via the Infrastructure Fund)
  • $1.3m for Atsabe and Maliana churches
  • $1.0m for Special Economic Zones (ZEE)
  • $1.0m for Parliamentary cars
  • $1.0m for cooperatives
  • $1.0m for Dili District Prosecutor
  • $0.9m for rehabilitating Suai Prison
  • $0.8m for the new Timor-Leste Cooperation Agency (foreign aid)
  • $0.7m to build Dili District Court
  • $0.6m for Metinaro ossuary
  • $0.5m for CPLP Economic Forum
  • $0.5m to pay Singapore hospital bills
  • $0.3m for increased Presidential travel
  • many more under $500,000

and reductions (reductions total $193.3 million, including $150m from the Infrastructure Fund)

  • $21m in Infrastructure Fund cuts in other sectors (see table)
  • $9.4m of $19m reappropriated for unfinished PDD-1 projects
  • $3.3m of $18m allocated for the Civil Society Fund under the P.M.
  • $2.0m of $10m allocated for "Impact of Special Regimes" in the contingency fund
  • $0.5m from Parliamentary travel
  • many more under $500,000

Debate iha Plenária Parlamentár

Hafoin audiénsia husi komisaun sira remata, Komisaun C koleta relatóriu sira husi Komisaun ida-idak atu halo relatóriu ho pájina 92 (Portugés ka Ingles), ho rekomendasaun no preokupasaun barak. Deputadu sira le no fahe relatóriu ida ne'e durante sesaun primeiru Plenária Parlamentár iha loron 4 Fevreiru. Primeiru Ministru Xanana Gusmão, lider FRETILIN nian Mari Alkatiri, Natalino dos Santos husi CNRT,  Lurdes Bessa husi PD no FM halo diskursu atu loke debate, atu hahú loron tolu debate iha generalidade, hanesan hakerek iha notulen Parlamentár ba loron ida ne'e. Iha loron 6 Fevreiru, hafoin aprezentasaun final husi FRETILINCNRTPD no FM, deputadu sira aprova OJE2013 iha generalidade, ho vota favor 40, kontra 0, no abstensaun 25 (hotu FRETILIN). Governu fó sai Komunikadu Imprensa iha lingua Portugeza.

Deputadu sira sei diskute ba semana rua tan kona ba kada órgaun iha OJE, ho votasaun final iha loron 20 Fevreiru. Iha loron 7 Fevreiru, Deputadu sira debate ezbosu rezolusaun (Ingles ka Port.) atu kria komisaun eventual, ho reprezentante sira husi partidu hotu, atu rezolve alterasaun sira molok diskusaun iha Plenária. Rezolusaun final (Port. ka Ingles), adopta ho konsensu atu aprezenta alterasaun, fó loron tolu ba komisaun atu rekolla, diskute no deside liu hosi konsensu atu halo alterasaun ba Plenária, ne’ebé sira sei vota lahoo dikusaun ne’ebé subtantivu. Komisaun ida ne'e nia enkontru la loke ba públiku, no La'o Hamutuk, media no sira seluk la hetan lisensa atu observa diskusaun ida ne'e, ita lakon transparénsia ne’ebé signifikante iha prosesu orsamentál.

Divizaun Relasaun Publika, Komunikasaun no Edukasaun Sívika husi Parlamentu Nasionál fó sai komunikadu imprensa kada loron kona-ba atividade iha Plenária, hanesan tuir mai:

Hafoin enkontru segredu durante loron tolu, Komisaun Eventual haruka sira nia proposta ba mudansa iha Lei Orsamentál (Ingles no Portugés) ba Plenária 14 Fevreiru. Hamesu tokon $150 kompara ho total orsamentu ne’ebe Governu propoin iha Dezembru, hanesan hatudu iha tabela iha liman loos. Mudasan boot mak hanesan:

  1. Hatún tokon $8 hosi Fundu Kontinjénsia, maske nune’e, osan sira be hamenus ne’e barak liu uza ba lina despeza seluk.

  2. Hamenus tokon $17 hosi despeza ba kombustivel jeradór, hodi aloka fila fali tokon $15 hosi ne’e ba manutensaun estrada

  3. Hamenus tokon $150 hosi dotasaun ba Fundu Infrastrutura (haree iha tabela iha liman loos) mudansa boot mak hanesan;

  • Eletrisidade (kua tokon $50 hosi tokon $174 ne’ebe orijinalmente governu propoin ba)

  • MDG-uma no saniamentu (kua 42 hosi tokon $88 ne’ebé propoin)

  • Estrada (kua tokon $29 hosi tokon $116 ne’ebé propoin)

  • Edifisiu publiku (kua tokon $8 hosi tokon $29 ne’ebé propoin)

  1. Aplika tokon $261 hosi balansu iha tezouru (ne’ebé tokon $819 iha fim 2012, maior parte tanba iha transferénsia boot hosi Fundu Petróleu, hanesan hatudu iha gráfiku iha leten, laos tanba hasa’e rendimentu foun ka halo transferénsia adisionál hosi Fundu Petróleu

  2. Hamenus planu atu foti osan hosi Fundu Petróleu durante 2013 hosi tokon $1,198 to’o tokon $787, montante ba Rendimentu Sustentavel Estimesu (RSE)

Buat hirak ne’e la’o hela iha diresaun ne’ebé loos, maske nune’e ami sente triste katak Deputadu sira la hateten kona-ba konsekuensia hosi adia projetu infrastrutura sira ba orsamentu sira oin mai. Ami mós epsera katak despeza boot ba projetu Tasi Mane menus ona. Projetu Ida la muda hodi hatudu inidade nasional ida ba negosiasaun ho Woodside no Australia ne’ebe la’o hela daudauk.

Mudansa seluk neebe komisaun eventual halo, ne’ebé simu hotu ona hosi Parlamentu, inklui aumenta tuir mai; (aumenta tomak, inklui sira iha leten nia montante tokon $43.3)

  • Tokon $3.0 aloka ba PDID (projetu ki’ik ba infrastrutura lokál)
  • Tokon $2.0 aloka ba Medalla PNTL no Petty Cash ba distritu
  • Tokon $2.0 aloka ba CNE nia subsídiu ba partidu polítiku sira
  • Tokon $1.5 aloka ba estrada Lore-Lospalos (liu hosi Fundu Infrastrutura)
  • Tokon $1.3 aloka ba igreja Maliana no Atsabe
  • Tokon $1.0 aloka Zona Ekonomia Espesiál
  • Tokon $1.0 aloka ba karreta Membru Parlamentu
  • Tokon $1.0 aloka ba kooperativa
  • Tokon $1.0 aloka ba Prokuradoria Distritu Dili
  • Tokon $0.9 aloka ba reabilitasaun Prizaun Suai
  • Tokon $0.8 aloka ba nova Ajensia Kooperasaun Timor-Leste (Ajudu ba railiur)
  • Tokon $0.7 aloka aru harii Tribunal Dsitritu Dili
  • Tokon $0.6 aloka ba Osuariu Metinaro
  • Tokon $0.5 aloka ba Forum Ekonómiku CPLP
  • Tokon $0.5 hodi selu tusan hosi hospital Singapura
  • Tokon 0.8 aloka ba hasa’e viazem Prezidensial
  • Iha buat barak mak menus husi $500,000

no redusaun (total redusaun tokon $193.3, inklui tokon $150 hosi Fundu Infrastrutura)

  • Tokon $21 kua iha Fundus Infrastrutura hodi aloka ba setór seluk (haree iha tabela)
  • Tokon $9.4 hosi reapropriasaun tokon $19 ba projetu PDD-1 ne’ebé la remata
  • Tokon $3.3 hosi tokon $18 nee’ebe aloka ba Fundu Sosiedade Sivíl iha Gabinete Primeiru Ministru nia okos
  • Tokon $2.0 hosi tokon $10 ne’ebe aloka ba “Impaktu hosi Rejime Espesiál” iha fundu emerjénsia
  • Tokon $0.5 aloka ba viajen Parlamentár
  • Barak liu menus hosi $500,000

Budget Finalized and Promulgated

Due to the improved efficiency of a closed-room budget process, Parliament approved the budget unanimously two days early, on 18 February. Fretilin and others made closing statements. The Government celebrated the budget's passage in a press release.

After a week of consideration, President Taur Matan Ruak promulgated the budget as Law No. 02/2013 of 1 March. He wrote a letter to Parliament (Portuguese original) with 14 comments, including concerns about execution rates, expensive speculative projects, inflation, low allocations for human development, the Tasi Mane project and unemployment.

Although the enacted budget withdraws only the ESI from the Petroleum Fund during 2013, most of it is financed by PF transfers made in previous years, and it does not represent a major decrease in expenditures.

Orsamentu Aprova no Promulga tiha ona

Parlamentu aprova OJE 2013 ho unanimidade loron rua sedu, tanba prosesu ne'ebe taka ba publiku kotuk efikás duni. Fretilin no partidu sira seluk halo komentáriu atu remata debate. Governu selebra aprovasaun OJE iha komunikadu emprensa.

Hafoin semana ida, Prezidente Repúblika promulga Orsamentu Estadu hanesan Lei No. 02/2013 de 1 de Marsu.

Nia haruka karta (Ingles ka Portugés) ba Parlamentu ho komentáriu 14, inklui preokupasaun kona-ba ezekusaun orsamentál, projetu karun no espekulativu, inflasaun, despeza uitoan ba dezenvolvimentu umanu, projetu Tasi Mane no dezempregu.

Maske Orsamentu final hasai de’it RSE husi Fundu Petrolíferu durante 2013, nia hetan finansiamentu husi transferénsia husi Fundu Petrolíferu durante 2012, no la reprezenta redusaun boot iha despeza.

Bele hetan lei final iha Ingles ka Portuges.

In mid-April 2013, the Ministry of Finance posted the final budget books for 2013 to their website. Although the 2013 numbers follow what was approved by Parliament, planned expenditures during 2014-2017 have been reduced slightly, and some infrastructure projects are being implemented later than was originally planned.

As required by law, the General State Accounts for 2013 were presented to Parliament and the High Tax and Audit Court during the second half of 2014. The Court issued its opinion (11 MB Portuguese) on 29 October 2014.

Iha fulan Abríl nia klaran, Ministériu Finansa publika livru OJE final ba 2013 iha sira nia website. Maske númeru sira iha 2013 ne’e tuir saida mak Parlamentu aprova, planu no despeza durante 2014-2017 hetan redusaun uitouan, no projetu infrastrutura balun implementa ikus ne’e diferente ho ida ne’ebe orijinalmente planea antes.

Tuir lei. Conta Jeral Estadu ba tinan 2013 aprezenta ba Parlamentu Nasional no Tribunal das Contas ihs 2014. Tribunal fo sai sira nia paraser (11 MB Portuges) iha loron 29 Outubru 2014.



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