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2020 General State Budget
Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba 2020

Started 3 July 2019.  Updated 21 January 2020

Link to page on 2019 state budget.      Liga ba pájina kona-ba OJE 2019

Contents of this page

Konteúdu pájina ida ne’e

2020 Budget Process begins

On 7 June, the Prime Minister's office distributed a booklet which defined their plans for 2020-2023, and Ministry of Finance advisor Helder Lopes described the economic diversification aspects at a TAF Policy Leaders Group seminar on 14 June.

As in the past several years, the Ministry of Finance announced and held a Jornada Orçamental (Budget Day) workshop on 27 June 2019 to discuss program and budgeting for 2020. The Prime Minister (Tetum) and interim Minister of Finance Sara Brites opened the session (Tetum), and you can download the Ministry's presentations (Tetum). The Central Bank also gave a presentation.

The objective of this workshop was to define national priorities for the coming year, which were explained by Prime Minister Taur Matan Ruak and in a booklet distributed by the Government. However, the workshop did not define a fiscal envelope as expected. The Prime Minister said there will be further discussion in a Budget Review Committee which will recommend an overall envelope to the Council of Ministers.

The Ministry of Finance presented three scenarios for the 2020 budget: the first "base amount" was $0.7 billion, which the Ministry called "fiscally sustainable" (domestic revenues plus ESI). The other two scenarios were $1.3 and $1.6 billion, and each contained predictions for how long the Petroleum Fund will last.

FONGTIL and La'o Hamutuk represented civil society in the workshop and were given two chances to present concerns and suggestions. Journalists attended the opening speeches of the Finance Minister and Prime Minister, but they were asked to leave during the discussion.

On 31 July, the Council of Ministers established the fiscal envelope for the proposed 2020 State Budget at $1.6 billion. It prioritizes social capital (education, training, health, water and sanitation), economic development (private sector investment, job creation, diversification, agriculture) and connectivity (ports, airports, roads). A Government press release summarized the information.

The plan is for the Council of Ministers to approve the final budget proposal on 27 September and to submit it to Parliament on 15 October.

On 6 September, the Ministry of Finance released a Pre-Budget Statement for 2020, including data about budget execution during the first half of 2019.

On 9 September, the Budget Policy Review Committee began two weeks of discussions on the budget, as reported by the Ministry of Finance and Tatoli. On 23 September, the Government and the Ministry announced that the BRC had finished its work, and that the $1,600 million budget ceiling was not enough to pay for planned government activities. Although these announcements did not give a revised figure, Tatoli reported that as much as $750 million could be added to the budget. If this happens, total spending will be 20% more than ever before

The Council of Ministers held an 'extraordinary meeting' on 27 September, but the 2020 budget was not mentioned in the official release. However, Tatoli reported that State Minister Agio Pereira said that the Council has begun to study the BRC's budget numbers and will make a decision next week.

At its meeting on 2 October, the Council of Ministers approved a budget proposal of $1,950 million -- equal to the largest budget in Timor-Leste's history (2016). According to Tatoli, the budget will be funded with:

  • $1,466m from the Petroleum Fund (nearly triple the $537m Estimated Sustainable Income)

  • $   200m carried over from 2019 (85% of which came from the Petroleum Fund)

  • $     73m in loans, to be repaid with interest in future years

  • $   210m in non-oil revenues.

The money will be spent in these budget categories:

  • $241m for salaries and benefits (13% more than in 2019)

  • $738m for goods and services (56% more than in 2019 - some is back fuel debts)

  • $458m for public transfers (26% more than in 2019)

  • $  53m for minor capital (69% more than in 2019)

  • $386m for development capital (excluding borrowing) (23% more than in 2019)

  • $  73m in borrowed money for development capital (16% less than in 2019)

La'o Hamutuk, the Core Group on Transparency and the NGO Forum held a public meeting to discuss the proposed 2020 budget on 3 October at Dili Cathedral (invitation). Presentations were made by  Epifânio Alarico Martins of the Ministry of Finance, FRETILIN MP Nina Rangel, and Febe Gomes from La'o Hamutuk. The event was covered by local media, including Tatoli and Tempo Timor.

Prosesu Orsamentál ba 2020

Iha loron 7 Juñu, Gabinete Primeiru Ministru fahe sira nia livru ki’ik ne’ebé define sira nia planu ba 2020-2023, no asesór Ministériu Finansa Helder Lopes deskreve aspetu diversifikasaun ekonomiku iha seminar TAF nia Grupu Leader Polítiku iha 14 Juñu 2019.

Iha tinan hira kotuk, Ministériu Finansa fó sai no realiza Jornada Orsamentál, ba tinan ida ne’e, Ministériu Finansas fó sai komunikadu ida hodi informa kona-ba Jornada Orsamentál ne’ebé sei realiza iha 27 Juñu 2019 hodi halo diskusaun no aprezentasaun ba partisipante sira, ministru, diretór jerál sira, no entidade sira seluk, kona-ba ezekusaun Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2019 inklui mos planu orsamental 2020. Primeiru Ministru no Ministra Finansas interina fó sira nia diskursu makloke antes tékniku sira hahú sira nia aprezentasaun kona-ba dezempeñu ekonómiku, no haree kona ba realidade sósiu ekonómiku nasaun nian. Banku Sentrál Timor Leste mós fó aprezentasaun ida.

Objetivu husi jornada ida ne’e, atu define prioridade nasional ba 2020 too 2023, ne’ebé Primeiru Ministru esplika ona iha nia diskursu no iha sira nia livru ki’ik ne’ebé elabora sira nia planu no programa no atu determina envelope fiskál, infelizmente laiha desizaun ba envelope fiskál iha jornada ida ne’e. PM dehan sei iha diskusaun tan iha Komité Revizaun Orsamentu no lori ba Konsellu Ministru depois hetan desizaun ba envelope fiskál.

Ministériu Finansa aprezenta senáriu tolu ba OJE 2020; Senáriu primeiru mak biliaun $0.7, ne’ebé MF bolu senáriu sustentabilidade fiskál (DR+RSE), senáriu segundu biliaun $1.3 no senáriu ikus biliaun $1.6. Kada senáriu iha nia previzaun kona ba Fundu Petrolíferu sei bele iha too bainhira.

Fongtil no La’o Hamutuk partisipa iha Jornada ida ne’e, sira reprezenta sosiedade sivíl no hetan oportunidade dala rua hodi hato’o preokupasaun no sujestaun sira ba Governu. Media sira mós partisipa iha parte dadeer iha diskursu Ministra Finansa no Primeiru Ministru nian maibé too iha parte diskusaun MC husu jornalista sira atu sai.

Iha loron 31 Jullu, Konsellu Ministrus determina envelope fiskál ba proposta OJE 2020, ho nivel biliaun $1.6. Komunikadu imprensa ida husi Governu sumariza desizaun ida ne'e.

Tuir planu, Konsellu Ministrus sei aprova proposta orsamentu final ba orsamentu tinan 2020 iha loron 27 Setembru, no haruka ba Parlamentu Nasional iha loron 15 Outubru.

Iha loron 6 Setembru, Ministru Finansa publika Pre-Budget Statement for 2020 (Inglés), inklui informasaun kona-ba ezekusaun orsamentál durante Jan-Jun 2019.

Iha loron 9 Setembru, Komité Revizaun Orsamentu Polítika (KROP) hahú diskusaun ba semana rua, tuir Ministru Finansas no Tatoli. Iha 23 Setembru, Governu no Ministru fó sai katak KROP remata ona sira nia servisu, no desizaun ba envelope fiskál tokon $1,600 la to'o atu selu ba governu nia planu. Maske komunikadu sira ne'e la fó númeru foun, Tatoli hakerek bele aumenta OJE ho tokon $750 tan. Karik ida ne'e sei akontese, despeza total mak 20% liu tinan hotu iha pasadu.

Konsellu Ministrus halo 'Sorumutu Estraordinária' iha loron 27 Setembru, maibé OJE 2020 la mensiona iha komunikadu husi Governu. Maske nune'e, Tatoli fo sai kata Ministru Estadu Agio Pereira hatete katak KM hahú halo apresiasaun ba proposta husi KROP, no sei halo desizaun iha semana tuir mai.

Iha ninia enkontru iha 2 Outubru, Konsellu Ministrus aprova proposta Orsamentu ba 2020 ho montante tokon $1,950 -- hanesan OJE ne’ebé boot liu iha istória Timor-Leste (tinan 2016). Tuir Tatoli, OJE 2020 sei hetan osan husi:

  • t$1,466 husi Fundu Petróleu (besik liu dala tolu RSE t$537)

  • t$   200 husi 'carryover' husi 2019 (85% ne'ebe mai ona husi Fundu Petróleu )

  • t$     73 husi empréstimu, atu selu fali iha futuru

  • t$   210 husi reseita doméstika.

Despeza husi osan ne'e aloka ba kategoria sira tuir mai:

  • t$241 ba saláriu no vensimentu (aumenta 13% kompara ho 2019)

  • t$738 ba bens no servisu (aumenta 56% kompara ho 2019 - balu atu selu divida ba kombustivel)

  • t$458 ba transferénsia públiku (aumenta 26% kompara ho 2019)

  • t$  53 ba kapitál menór (aumenta 69% kompara ho 2019)

  • t$386 ba kapitál dezenvolvimentu (la inklui empréstimu) (aumenta 23% kompara ho 2019)

  • t$  73 ba empréstimu ba kapitál dezenvolvimentu (hamenus 16% kompara ho 2019)

La’o Hamutuk, FONGTIL no Core Group Transparency-CGT realiza enkontru públiku ida kona-ba proposta OJE 2020 (konvite) iha 3 Outubru 2019 iha Katedrál Dili. Aprezentasaun sira mai husi Diretór Polítika Ekonomia Finansa Ministériu Finansa  Epifânio Alarico Martins, Deputada Nina Rangel husi FRETILIN, no Febe Gomes husi La'o Hamutuk. Media lokál halo reportajen, inklui Tatoli no Tempo Timor.

Budget proposed and discussed in Parliamentary Committees

Parliament plans to discuss and enact the 2020 State Budget by 11 December (later revised; see below):

DateActivity
15 Oct.Government presents its proposed 2020 State Budget Law
21 Oct.Distribution to party benches and specialized standing committees
22 Oct.- 20 Nov.Consideration by committees
21,22 and 25 Nov.Discussion and voting in generality
26 Nov.- 10 Dec.Discussion and voting on specifics, and final global vote
11 Dec.Final editing and transmit Decree to the President of the Republic

On 15 October, the Government proposed its budget law and explanatory memorandum, and presented 6 budget books (downloadable below) to Parliament, as reported by Parliament and Tatoli. On 22 October, Parliament distributed the proposal to its standing committees.

The Parliamentary Standing Committees have scheduled many days of hearings on the budget proposal during the last week of October and first week of November; click on each one to get its schedule:

The Government announced the hearings, and Parliament issued press releases (Tetum) following the hearings on 26, 29 and 30 October, and 4, 5, 6 and 7 November.

Several NGOs, including La'o Hamutuk, testified to Committee C on 30 October and we presented a written submission (summarized in a press release) with the following recommendations:

  • We ask members of National Parliament to carefully consider how spending is allocated in the 2020 budget. This applies particularly to large, unaccounted-for increases such as public transfers through the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, and the Counterpart Fund.

  • The proposed 2020 State Budget will impact sustainability and threaten the future of the Petroleum Fund. We ask National Parliament to carefully evaluate the proposed budget before making a decision.

  • We need to strengthen and reinforce control and monitoring systems to ensure efficient and effective implementation of programs, to ensure maximum concrete benefits to the people of Timor-Leste.

  • We recommend continuing to invest in productive sectors such as family agriculture, tourism and small industry in order to reduce poverty, malnutrition, unemployment, and import dependency.

  • Invest in human resources by improving the quality of education, health, water, and sanitation to ensure that our people are healthy, smart and productive.

  • Suspend spending on the Tasi Mane Project and conduct an independent evaluation of the costs, benefits, and risks of that project.

  • We urge the National Parliament not to approve the ceiling of $750 million for new loan contracts in 2020 if the Government fails to provide details on what the loans will be spent on, where they will come from and how they will be repaid.

On 31 October, Parliamentary committees held a hearing with agencies under the Ministry of Petroleum and Minerals (MPM), which La'o Hamutuk observed. The reports and proposed budgets submitted by TimorGAP (report, proposal), the National Petroleum and Minerals Authority (ANPM), and the Institute of Petroleum and Geology (IPG) contain important information. The $86.9 million in public transfers through MPM were not detailed in the Budget Books, and include:

  • $74.9 million for TimorGAP (plus $3.4m from other sources). The largest amounts are allocated for:

    • $25.0 million for studies related to the Sunrise pipeline and LNG plant

    • $25.0 million for expenses of the Sunrise joint venture

    • $  7.5 million for environmental assessment and capacity development for the LNG project

    • $  7.4 million for TimorGAP operations

    • $  2.5 million to manage the Tasi Mane project

    • $  2.5 million for studies related to the Betano refinery and petrochemical plant

    • $  2.0 million for negotiations related to Greater Sunrise

    • $  2.0 million for redevelopment of Bayu-Undan after 2022

  • $8.0 million for ANPM (plus $3m from other sources)

  • $3.6 million for IPG (its entire budget)

During November, MPs from all political parties expressed concern about the size of the budget, including Domingos de Carvalho (CNRT) and Joaquim dos Santos (Fretilin). President Lu Olo also stressed the urgency of economic diversification; leaders of the Parliamentary majority welcomed the policy debate.

On 21 November, Committee C issued a 122-page report (Portuguese) asking the Government to reconsider many aspects of the proposed budget, and included some of the concerns raised by La'o Hamutuk. The report includes recommendations from other standing committees.

Governu aprezenta proposta OJE ba Parlamentu Nasional

Parlamentu Nasionál planu ona atu diskute no valida Orsamentu Estadu 2020 nian iha 11 Dezembru.

DateAsaun
15 Out.Governu aprezenta Proposta Lei kona ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu 2020
21 Out.Distribuisaun ba kada Bankada Partidu no Komisaun Permanente sira
22 Out - 20 NovKonsiderasaun husi Komisaun
21,22 no 25 NovDiskusaun no vota iha jeneralidade
26 Nov- 10 DezDiskusaun no votasaun espesializadu, no votasaun final global
11 Dez.Redaksaun final no haruka dekretu ba Prezidente da Repúblika

Iha 15 Outubru, Governu haruka nia Proposta de Lei OGE 2020 no Exposição de Motivos, no temi iha livru orsamentu 6 ne’ebé haruka ba Parlamentu (bele hetan iha okos) informa husi Parlamentu no Tatoli. Iha 22 Outubru. Parlamentu fahe proposta ne’e ba ninia Komisaun permanente sira.

Komisaun sira halo kalendáriu hodi halo audiénsia barak kona-ba proposta OJE hahu iha fulan Outubru to’o 6 Novembru; hili kada komisaun atu hetan sira nia kalendáriu

Governu anunsia audiensia sira, no Parlamentu fo sai komunikadu imprensa sira kkonaba audiensia iha loron 26, 29 no 30 Outubru, no 4, 5, 6 no 7 Novembru.

La'o Hamutuk no NGO sira seluk aprezenta ba Komisaun C iha loron 30 Outubru no ami hakerek submisaun ida (sumariza iha komunikadu imprensa ida ne'e), ho rekomendasaun tuir mai:

  • Ami husu ba membru Parlamentu Nasionál atu hare no kuidadu ba definisaun sira ba despeza husi OJE 2020. Liuliu ba aumentu hirak ne’ebé signifikante maka’as hanesan iha transferénsia publika Ministériu Petróleu no Minerais no mós aumentu iha Fundu Kontrapartidas.

  • Proposta OJE 2020 ne’ebé sei fó impaktu ba Timor-Leste ninia sustentabilidade orsamentál no ameasa durasaun Fundu Petrolíferu nian. Ami husu atu Parlamentu Nasionál tetu didi’ak proposta OJE 2020 antes halo desizaun.

  • Presiza haforsa no hametin sistema monitorizasaun no kontrolu atu nune’e bele asegura implementasaun ba programa sira la’o ho efisiénsia no efetivu hodi garante katak fó duni no maximiza benefísiu konkretu ba povu Timor-Leste.

  • Ami sujere atu kontinua investe iha setór produtivu sira hanesan Agrikultura Familiar, Turizmu Komunitária, Indústria ki’ik sira ne’ebé bele redús kiak, malnutrisaun, dezempregu, no redús dependénsia ba importasaun.

  • Investe iha rekursus umanu liu husi hadi’ak kualidade setór sira hanesan edukasaun, saúde, bee no saneamentu hodi bele asegura povu Timor-Leste sai povu ida ne’ebé saudável, matenek no produtivu.

  • Suspende despeza ba projetu Tasi Mane no avansa ba estudu independente ida ne’ebé bele halo estudu avaliasaun ba kustu tomak, risku, benefísiu husi projetu ne’e rasik.

  • Husu ba membru Parlamentu Nasionál atu la aprova envelope tokon $750 ba akordu empréstimu foun iha 2020, se bainhira Governu la fó esplikasaun detallu kona ba empréstimu sira ne’e ba saida, hodi halo saida no oinsá ho atu selu fila fali.

Iha 31 Outubru, komisaun sira iha Parlamentu Nasional hala’o audensia ho ajensia sira ne’ebé iha Ministeriu Petroleu no Minerais, ne’ebé La’o Hamutuk observa. Iha relatóriu no proposta orsamentu ne’ebé submete husi TimorGap, Autoridade Nasionál Petroleu no Minerais (ANPM), no Institutu Petroleu no Geologia (IPG) nakonu ho informasaun importante. Tokon $86.9 iha transferensia publiku liu husi MPM laho detallu iha livru orsamentu, no inklui:

  • Tokon $74.9 ba TimorGap (aumenta tokon $3.4 husi fonte seluk).
    Montante boot liu mak aloka ba:

    • Tokon $25.0 ba estudu relasiona ba Greater Sunrise no Planta LNG

    • Tokon $25.0 ba despeza husi Sunrise joint venture

    • Tokon $7.5 ba avaliasaun Ambiental no dezenvolvimentu kapasidade ba projetu LNG

    • Tokon $7.4 ba operasaun TimorGap

    • Tokon $2.5 ba jestaun projetu Tasi Mane

    • Tokon $2.5 ba estudu relasiona ho refinaria Betano no planta petrokímika

    • Tokon $2.0 ba negosiasaun relasiona ho Greater Sunrise

    • Tokon $2.0 ba dezenvolvimentu Bayu-Undan hafoin 2022

  • Tokon $8.0 ba ANPM (aumenta tokon $3 husi fonte seluk)

  • Tokon $3.6 ba IPG (ba orsamentu hotu)

Iha Novembru laran, MPs husi partidu polítiku hotu expressa sira nia preukupasaun kona ba valor husi orsamentu, inklui Domingos de Carvalho (CNRT) no Joaquim dos Santos (Fretilin). Presidente Lu Olo mós subliña kona ba urjénsia ba diversifikasaun ekonomia; Lider sira husi maioria iha Parlamentu simu ba politika debate.

Iha 21 Novembru, Komisaun C fó sai relatóriu ho 122 pajina husu ba Governu atu tetu fila fali aspetu barak iha proposta orsamentu, no inklui hanoin balu ne’ebé La’o Hamutuk hatoo ona. Relatóriu ne’e inklui rekomendasaun balu husi komisaun permanente.

Plenary begins late; budget proposal soon withdrawn

Although plenary discussion was scheduled to begin on 25 November, Parliament delayed it for a week (PN, Tatoli) due to the death of MP Gilman Santos and the Independence Day holiday.

La'o Hamutuk produced a Tetum blog article and radio program explaining the budget, and gave a briefing to civil society and journalists at FONGTIL (also PDF).

The plenary debate on the budget began on 2 December, with a speech by the Prime Minister and response from FRETILIN, as reported by Government, Parliament and Tatoli. Fretilin MP Joaquim dos Santos urged more attention to productive sectors.

The report from Committee C was presented, which Tatoli reported considered the budget unconstitutional. The Prime Minister observed that this was the first time the Parliamentary majority aggressively challenged a Government budget proposal.

The following day the Government responded to widespread criticism of the magnitude of its proposed $1.95 billion budget by withdrawing it. They will submit a smaller one to Parliament by 13 December, as reported by Parliament, Tatoli, the Ministry of Finance and Government.

Parliamentary President Arão Noé explained that the delay would require the use of the duodecimal system in early 2020, expressed concerns about the legality of the budget allocations, and affirmed that the AMP coalition remains solid. On the other hand, KKFP President Padre Júlio Crispim Ximenes Belo questioned the legal process for withdrawing the proposal, although the President of Parliament said it was legal.

On Gardamor's RTV Talk Show (100 MB Tetum video) on 4 December, representatives from La'o Hamutuk, Fretilin and academia discussed the implications of the budget withdrawal. The following day, the Prime Minister discussed the budget in a media interview.

On 6 December, La'o Hamutuk sent an Open Letter to the Prime Minister and other Ministers (Tetum), suggesting what could be cut. The letter was also printed in Timor Post. The following week, the same paper published Empréstimu Tokon $750 Sei Fó Ameasa ba Sustentabilidade Finansa Estadu by La'o Hamutuk.

On 12 December, the Government informed Parliament that it will not be ready to submit a revised budget proposal to them by 13 December, but will try to have it by the 19th. The President of Parliament hopes that they can pass it by the end of January 2020.

On 13 December, La'o Hamutuk presented Observasaun ba OJE 2020 no Influénsia husi CSOs iha Polítika Públika (also PDF) to a seminar organized by the EU/PFMO.

Plenária hahú tarde, Governu retira proposta OJE

Maske plenária diskusaun iha ona ajenda atu hahú iha 25 Novembru, Parlamentu prolonga tan ba semana ida (PN, Tatoli) ho razaun ba loron mate Deputadu Gilman Santos no feriadu nasionál ba loron proklamasaun independénsia.

La’o Hamutuk prodús blog artigu no programa radio ne’ebé fó hanoin ruma kona ba orsamentu, no fahe mós informasaun ba sosiedade sivíl no jornalista sira iha FONGTIL (PDF).

Debate plenária ba OJE hahú iha 2 Dezembru, ho diskursu husi Primeiru Ministru no resposta husi FRETILIN, hanesan iha fó sai ona husi Governu, Parlamentu, no Tatoli. Deputadu Joaquim dos Santos (FRETILIN) husu atu Governu tau atensaun ba setor produtivu sira.

Paraser husi Komisaun C mós aprezenta, iha ne’ebé Tatoli fó sai katak orsamentu ida ne’e inkonstitusionál. Primeiru Ministru observa katak ida ne’e foin mak ba dalauluk akontese maioria parlamentu kontesta ho agresivamente ba proposta OJE ne’ebé hato’o husi Governu.

Loron tuir mai Governu hatán ba kritika husi ema barak ba montante ne’ebé boot tebes husi proposta biliaun $1.95 hodi foti hikas sira nia proposta. Sira sei submete fali ba parlamentu montante ida ne’ebé ki’ik iha loron 13 Dezembru, hanesan fó sai husi Parlamentu, Tatoli, Ministériu Finansa no Governu.

Prezidente Parlamentu Arão Noé esplika katak se bainhira demora nune’e sei uza sistema duodecimal iha inísiu 2020, nia mós hato’o nia preokupasaun ho legalidade ba alokasaun orsamentál ida ne’e no afirma mós kona ba AMP sira nia koligasaun ida ne’ebé metin. Iha fali parte seluk, Prezidente KKFP Padre Júlio Crispim Ximenes Belo kestiona kona ba prosesu legal ba hasai proposta refere, maske Prezidente Parlamentu hatete katak ida ne’e legal.

Iha Gardamor’s RTV Talk Show (100 MB video) iha 4 Dezembru, reprezentante husi La’o Hamutuk, Fretilin no akadémiku halo diskusaun kona ba implikasaun ba OJE ne’ebé hasai ona husi Parlamentu Nasionál. Loron tuir mai, Primeiru Ministru ko’alia kona ba OJE iha nia interview ho média sira.

Iha 6 Dezembru, La’o Hamutuk haruka karta aberta ida ba Primeiru Ministru no Ministériu sira, hodi sujere atu hamenus. Karta ida ne’e mós fó sai iha Timor Post. Iha semana tuir mai, ho artigu hanesan publika kona ba Empréstimu Tokon $750 Sei Fó Ameasa ba Sustentabilidade Finansa Estadu husi La’o Hamutuk.

Iha 12 Dezembru, Governu informa fila fali ba Parlamentu katak sira seidauk prontu atu submete revizaun proposta OJE iha 13 Dezembru, maibé sira sei esforsu atu lori ba iha loron 19. Prezidente Parlamentu hein katak sira bele halo hotu ida ne’e iha fulan Janeiru ikus 2020 nian.

Iha 13 Dezembru, La’o Hamutuk aprezenta Observasaun ba OJE 2020 no Influénsia husi CSOs iha Polítika Públika (mós PDF) iha semináriu organiza husi EU/PFMO.

Government submits revised proposal; Parliament rejects it

On 19 December, the Council of Ministers approved a revised budget and sent it to Parliament with a request for urgent consideration. With expenditures totaling $1.668 billion, the budget is 14% lower than the October proposal. The package includes a Statement of Reasons (rough English translation), a draft budget law with annexed tables, and a justification for withdrawing more than the sustainable amount from the Petroleum Fund.

On 23 December, Parliament Committee C approved an urgent agenda for considering the proposal, which was accepted by the plenary (although Fretilin did not vote). Parliamentary Committees will hear government representatives and produce reports for the general plenary discussion on 15-17 January, with debate and voting on each article from 20-30 January. They hope to present the enacted budget to President Lu-Olo on 31 January.

The budget books were provided to Parliament at the very end of 2019 and posted to this web page (downloadable below). The Ministry of Finance web-posted them ten days later.

Parliamentary committees heard from government officials, and issued press releases (Tetum) about 6 January, 7 January, 8 January, and 9 January. The Government also issued a press release at the start of the process.

On 10 January, La'o Hamutuk distributed our analysis to members of Parliament and the public. Tatoli English wrote an article based on our submission. We held a press conference on 13 January, and gave this Tetum presentation (also PDF).

Until the 2020 budget is promulgated, the Government will function under a duodecimal system, with each agency allowed to spend one-twelfth of its 2019 appropriation each month. The Ministry of Finance sent the January information to the Council of Ministers, which approved it on 13 January, including a $116 million allocation for January.

The plenary debate on the budget in generality began on 15 January, as described by the Ministry of Finance and Parliament. Committee C presented its report (Port.), including conclusions and recommendations from other Committees. Prime Minister Taur Matan Ruak presented the Government's perspective (Port. or Tetum). 

After two more days of plenary general debate (PN press releases for 16 January and 17 January), Parliament rejected the budget proposal with 13 votes in favor, 15 against and 25 abstentions. PLP, KHUNTO and small parties voted in favor, 11 FRETILIN MPs voted against, while PD and CNRT allowed their PMs to vote their consciences; many abstained but three from PD and one from CNRT voted no. If no budget is passed within two months, the President could dissolve Parliament and call for new elections under article 86(f) of the RDTL Constitution.

The unprecedented rejection of the budget by members of the governing coalition stimulated a lot of confusion and commentary, including articles by Alex Tilman and Michael Leach which try to explain the context and consequences.

Governu haruka proposta foun ba Parlamentu Nasional; PN rejeita

Iha loron 19 Dezembru, Konsellu Ministru aprova proposta OJE foun no haruka ba Parlamentu, ho pedidu ba diskusaun urjente. Ho despeza total biliaun $1.668, proposta OJE atuál menus 14% duke proposta uluk iha fulan Outubru. Pakote inklui Espozisaun Motivos (Port), proposta lei ho tabela iha anexu sira, no justfikasaun atu transfere liu RSE husi Fundu Petrolíferu.

Iha loron 23 Dezembru, Komisaun C iha PN aprova prosesu urjente, no Plenária aseita kalendáriu ne'e, maske Fretilin la vota. Komisaun sira sei rona reprezentante sira husi Governu no hakerek relatóriu sira molok diskusaun iha Plenária iha jeralidade iha loron 15-17 Janeiru. Husi 20 ba 30 Janeiru, PN sei debate no vota kona-ba artigu ida-idak, no sira espera atu aprezenta OJE aprova ona ba Prezidente Repúblika Lu-Olo iha loron 31 Janeiru.

Governu fó livru orsamentál sira ba Parlamentu bainhira tinan 2019 remata, no ita tau sira iha website ida ne'e (bele download husi kraik). Ministériu Finances tau sira iha ninia website hafoin loron sanulu.

Komisaun sira iha PN rona husi ofisiál sira husi Governu no fó sai komunikadu imprensa sira kona-ba 6 Janeiru, 7 Janeiru, 8 Janeiru no 9 Janeiru. Government mós hakerek komunikadu imprensa bainhira prosesu ne'e hahú.

Iha loron 10 Janeiru, La'o Hamutuk fahe ami nia analiza ba Deputadu/a sira no ba públiku. Ami halo konferénsia imprensa iha loron 13 Janeiru, ho aprezentasaun ida ne'e (mos PDF).

Molok promulgasaun OJE 2020, Governu sei uza sistema duodesimal, no órgaun ida-idak bele gastu 1/12 kada fulan tuir sira nia alokasaun iha OJE 2019. Ministériu Finansas aprezenta informasaun kona-ba Janeiru ba Konsellu Ministru ne'ebe aprova iha loron 13 Janeiru, ho dotasaun ba fulan Janeiru ho montante tokon $116.

Debate iha jeralidade iha plenária Parlamentu Nasional hahú iha loron 15 January, hanesan komunikadu husi Ministériu Finansas no Parlamentu. Komisaun C aprezenta sira nia parasér (Port.), ho rekomendasaun sira husi komisaun sira seluk. Primeiru Ministru Taur Matan Ruak aprezenta Governu nia perspetiva.

Hafoin debate jeralidade loron rua tan iha plenária (PN nia komunikadu imprensa ba 16 Janeiru no 17 Janeiru), Parlamentu rejeita proposta OJE ho vota favor 13, vota kontra 15, no abstensaun 25. PLP, KHUNTO no partidu ki'ik vota favor, FRETILIN vota kontra, CNRT abstain, no deputadu/a balun la vota. Karik PN la aprova Orsamentu Estadu durante fulan rua, Prezidente Repúblika bele disolve Parlamentu no hahú prosesu eleisaun foun, tuir artigu 86(f) Konstituisaun RDTL nian.

Graphics (click on a graphic to see it larger)

Grafiku sira

The graphics below describe the budget as presented in October, before it was withdrawn.

 

Grafiku sira tuir mai pertense ba proposta OJE aprezenta iha fulan Outubru, molok Governu retira proposta ida ne'e.

 

Documents (newest first)Dokumentu

Analysis and commentary

Analiza no komentáriu

Links to relevant topics on La'o Hamutuk's websiteLiga ba tópiku sira ne’ebé relevante iha website La’o Hamutuk

 

The Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis (La’o Hamutuk)
Institutu Timor-Leste ba Analiza no Monitor ba Dezenvolvimentu
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