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2023 General State Budget
Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba 2023

Started 1 May 2022.  Updated 18 Novembru 2022.

Link to page on 2022 state budget.      Liga ba pájina kona-ba OJE 2022

Contents of this page

On 23 February 2022, the Minister of Finance presented a budgetary calendar to the Council of Ministers. Planning will take place from March to 10 May, when the preparation phase will begin. The seminar "Jornadas Orçamentais" (Budgetary Days) will take place by 30 June. The proposed 2023 General State Budget law will be assessed by the Council of Ministers by 15 September, prior to submission to the National Parliament on 1 October. In May, the Minister published this calendar on his Facebook page, which was revised in September:

  • 23 February 2022: Council of Ministers approves the calendar for General State Budget (OJE) 2023
  • 26 April: Planning seminar
  • 09 May: Council of Ministers approves proposed Major Plan Options Law (see below)
  • 10 May: Government presents proposed Major Plan Options Law to National Parliament
  • 30 May: PN approves the Major Plan Options law
  • 10 June: TLDPM Meeting (Donors’ conference)
  • 30 June: Budget seminar
  • 15 July: Council of Ministers approves disaggregated budget ceilings
  • 20 July: Ministry of Finance distributes Circular on preparing OJE 2023, with disaggregated budget ceilings
  • 17 August: Council of Ministers approves budget allocations for each program
  • 14 September: Council of Ministers approves Proposal of Draft Law OJE 2023
  • 03 October: Government presents Proposed OJE 2023 Law to National Parliament
  • November: Discussion of Proposed OJE 2023 in National Parliament
  • 15 November: Final vote on Proposed OJE 2023 in National Parliament
  • December 2022: Promulgation of the OJE 2023 Law by the President of the Republic
  • December 2022: Publication of the OJE 2023 Law in the Jornal da Repúblika.

Konteúdu pájina ida ne’e

Iha 23 Fevreiru 2022, Ministru Finansas aprezenta kona-ba kalendáriu preparasaun Orsamentu Jerál Estadu nian (OJE) ba tinan finanseiru 2023 nian ba Konsellu Ministrus. Faze planeamentu nian sei hala’o iha fulan-marsu to’o loron 10 fulan-maiu, bainhira hahú faze preparasaun nian. Semináriu “Jornada Orsamentál sira” tenke hala’o to’o loron 30 fulan-juñu. Konsellu Ministrus tenke halo apresiasaun ba projetu proposta Lei OJE tinan 2023 nian to’o loron 15 fulan-setembru, atu aprezenta ba Parlamentu Nasionál iha loron 1 fulan-outubru. Iha fulan Maiu, Ministru publika kalendáriu tuir mai iha Facebook, no revista iha funal Setembru:

  • 23 Fevereiru 2022: Konsellu Ministrus aprova Kalendáriu OJE 2023
  • 26 Abril: Jornada Planeamentu
  • 09 Maiu: Konsellu Ministrus aprova Proposta Projetu Lei das Grandes Opções do Plano (hare iha kraik)
  • 10 Maiu: Governu aprezenta Proposta Projetu Lei das Grandes Opções do Plano ba PN
  • 30 Maiu: PN aprova Lei das Grandes Opções do Plano
  • 10 Juñu: Enkontru TLDPM
  • 30 Juñu: Jornada Orsamentál
  • 15 Jullu: Konsellu Ministrus aprova Tetu Desagregasaun Orsamentu
  • 20 Jullu: Ministériu Finansas fó sai Sirkulár preparasaun OJE 2023 no Distribuisaun Tetu Desagregadu
  • 17 Agostu: Konsellu Ministrus aprova alokasaun orsamentu tuir Programa
  • 14 Setembru: Konsellu Ministrus aprova Proposta Projetu Lei OJE 2023
  • 03 Outubru: Governu aprezenta Proposta Projetu Lei OJE 2023 ba PN
  • Novembru: Diskusaun Proposta OJE 2023 iha PN
  • 15 Novembru: Votasaun Proposta OJE 2023 iha PN
  • Dezembru 2022: Promulgasaun Lei OJE 2023 husi Prezidente Repúblika
  • Dezembru 2022: Publikasaun Lei OJE 2023 iha Jornal da Repúblika.

Major Planning Options Law

On 26 April 2022, the Government hosted a Planning Workshop (Jornadas Planeamentu), opened by the Finance Minister, with presentations on a range of topics. Although the Council of Ministers decided the same day to ask Parliament to add more than a billion dollars to the 2022 budget, this was not mentioned in the presentations and barely hinted at by the speakers. They did, however, announce that the fiscal envelope for the 2023 state budget would $1,797.6 million.

According to the newly-enacted Law No. 2/2022 on the Framework for the General State Budget and Public Financial Management (see here for more details), Government should present a Major Planning Options Law to Parliament by 10 May for Parliament to approve by the end of May. The Ministry of Finance presented the draft to the Council of Ministers, which approved it on 9 May and submitted it to Parliament the next day. Full text of proposed MPO law, with three annexes (Portuguese original).

On 24 May, La'o Hamutuk distributed an open letter to all Members of Parliament with some commentary on the proposed Major Planning Options law, which we summarized in a press release and blog. Our press conference was covered by GMN and RTTL TV, Tatoli, Neon Metin and other media.

On 2 June, Parliament Committee C (Public Finances) issued a report (Portuguese original) critical of some parts of the proposed law, and the Parliamentary plenary began debating the law. After a few amendments, Parliament approved it and sent it to President Jose Ramos-Horta on 8 June, and he promulgated it as Law no. 8/2022 of 15 June.

Lei Grande Opsaun Planu

Iha loron 26 Abril 2022, Governo halo Jornadas Planeamentu, loke husi Ministru Finansas, ho aprezentasaun sira kona-ba tópiku balun.  Maske Konsellu Ministrus deside ona iha loron hanesan atu husu Parlamentu atu retifika OJE 2022 no aumenta liu dolar biliaun ida, aprezentasaun no oradór sira besik la mensiona. Maske nune'e, sira esplika katak envelope fiskál ba OJE 2023 sei mak tokon $1.797,6.

Tuir Lei nu. 2/2022 Enquadramento do Orçamento Geral do Estado e da gestão financeira pública (Port.), (detallu iha ne'e), Governu sei aprezenta proposta Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira Planu (Lei das Grande Opções do Plano) molok loron 10 Maiu, ne’ebé Parlamentu sei aprova molok fulan Maiu remata. Ministériu Finansas aprezenta proposta lei ba Konsellu Ministrus, ne'ebe aprova iha 9 Maiu, no submete ba Parlamentu Nasional iha loron 10 Maiu. Textu tomak proposta lei GOP, ho anexu tolu (Port.)

Iha loron 24 Maiu, La'o Hamutuk fahe karta aberta ba Deputadu/a hotu iha Parlamentu Nasional ho komentáriu ruma kona-ba proposta Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira Planu, ne’ebé ami rezume iha komunikadu imprensa ida no blog ida. Ami nia konferénsia imprensa hetan kobertura husi televizaun GMN no RTTL, Tatoli, Neon Metin no media sira seluk.

Iha loron 2 Juñu, Komisaun C (Finansas Publika) iha Parlamentu Nasional fó sai Pareser (Port.) ida ne’ebé kritika parte balun iha proposta Lei Opsaun Prinsipál sira Planu, no plenária Parlamentár hahú debate kona-ba proposta lei ida ne'e. PN halo alterasaun balun, no aprova proposta lei ida ne'e no haruka ba Prezidente José Ramos-Horta iha loron 8 Juñu, no nia promulga ona lei nu. 8/2022 de 15 Juñu.

2023 budget process begins

On 30 June, the Ministry of Finances held its Jornada Orsamental (Budget Journey) workshop for 2023. The consolidated 86-slide presentation (mostly in Tetum) includes sections on Major Planning Options, Timorese Value Chain, Macroeconomic and fiscal information, the evolution of the Petroleum Fund, budget execution and the disaggregation process.

On 18 July, the Council of Ministers approved a 2023 budget ceiling of $3.155 billion for 2023, which includes $1.8 billion for the Central Administration, $1.0 billion for the Veterans' Fund, $0.24 billion for Social Security and $0.12 billion for Oecussi Special Administrative Region. However, the Veteran's fund is a reappropriation of the same money that was appropriated in the rectified 2022 budget, so the total proposed new spending in 2023 will be $2.155 billion.

The following week, the Ministry of Finance produced a detailed Circular (also Portuguese original, with appendices) on the ceilings and preparation of the 2023 State Budget. On September 1, the Ministry released a Pre-Budget Statement 2023 (Including the 2022 Mid-Year Report).

On 14 September, the Council of Ministers approved the budget proposal.

Prosesu Orsamentál ba OJE 2023 hahú

Iha loron 30 Juñu, Ministériu Finansas halo soro mutu Jornada Orsamental ba 2023. Aprezentasaun konsolidadu ho slide 86 diskute Grandes Opções do Plano, Cadeia de Valor Timoriza, Makro Ekonomia no Fiskál, Dezempeñu Fundu Petrolíferu, Progresu Ezekusaun no Despeza Rizides, no Kriteriu Dezagregasaun Tetu Orsamentu 2023.

Iha loron 18 Jullu, Konsellu Ministrus aprova tetu agregadu ba OJE 2023 biliaun $3.155, inklui $1.8 biliaun ba Administrasaun Sentrál, biliaun $1.0 ba Fundu Kombatentes Libertasaun Nasionál (FKLN), biliaun $0.24 ba Orsamentu Seguransa Sosiál no biliaun $0.12 ba RAEOA. Maski nunee, osan ba FKLN mak osan hanesan aloka ona iha 2022, entaun total depeza foun iha proposta OJE 2023 mak biliaun $2.155.

Semana ida tuir mai, Ministériu Finansas prodús Sirkulár detalladu (Port.) kona-ba envelope no prosesu preparasaun ba OJE 2023. Iha loron 1 Setembru, Ministériu Finansas fo sai Pre-Budget Statement 2023 (Including the 2022 Mid-Year Report (Eng.)).

Iha loron 14 Setembru, Konsellu Ministrus aprova proposta OJE ba tinan 2023 (MF FB).

Consideration in National Parliament

The proposed budget (documents below) was submitted to Parliament on 3 October, and forwarded to Committee C (Public Finances) for analysis and reporting. The following day, Parliament established this schedule:
3 OctGovernment submits proposed law for 2023 General State budget and related budget books to National Parliament.
4 OctParliament receives the law, with a technical note prepared by its staff, and forwards it to all the standing committees to prepare sectorial opinions to Committee C for the Report and Opinion, according to the schedule in the rules.
5 OctStanding Committees begin their 15-day period to approve sectorial opinions and send them to Committee C for consolidation
10-18 OctStanding Committees hold public hearings
20 OctDeadline for Standing Committees to send sectorial opinions to Committee C
21-26 OctCommittee C elaborates and reconciles all sectorial reports with the Report and Opinion of Committee C
27 OctReading and approval of Committee C Report and Opinion
7-9 NovPlenary debate and vote on the GSB 2023 in generality
10-17 NovPlenary debate and vote on the GSB 2023 in specifics, including final global vote
18 NovCommittee C approves of the Parliamentary Decree approving the 2023 Budget
21 NovFinal editing of the Decree
22 NovTransmission of the final edit of the Decree approving the Budget to the President of the Republic for promulgation

"Public" Parliamentary hearings have not been widely announced, but we received the agenda for 10 October and 13 October, and Committee C's schedule of hearings for 10-18 October.

On 17 October, La'o Hamutuk delivered a submission to all Deputies in the National Parliament, which we summarized in a press release.  We held a press conference on the 19th, which was reported by RTTL-TV, GMN TV, TVE, Timor Post, Independente, Tatoli, Hatutan, Lafaek News, Lusa and others. SMnewstimor posted a video of the entire 30-minute press conference on Facebook Live.

On 7 November, Parliament began debating the budget proposal in plenary, with a speech by the Prime Minister (Port.) and the reading of the report by the Public Finance Committee (C). Reports from the Economics Committee (D, Port.) and others were annexed to Committee C's report.  On 9 November, Parliament approved the budget in general, with 40 votes in favor, none against, and 24 abstentions. Debate on specifics, including 90 proposed amendments, continued until Parliament approved the entire $3.16 billion budget (with a few small amendments) on 17 November by a vote of 42-21, with 2 abstentions.

Konsiderasaun iha Parlamentu Nasional

OJE ida ne'e haruka ba Parlamentu Nasional (dokumentu sira iha kraik) iha loron 3 Outubru, no meza PN baixa ba Komisaun C (Finansas Públikas). Loron ida tuir mai, Parlamentu estabelese kalendáriu tuir mai:
3 OutGovernu haruka proposta lei Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba 2023 (PPL de OGE 2023) no livru orsamentais sira ba Parlamentu Nasional.
4 OutAdmissão da PPL de OGE 2023, tendo como referência a nota técnica preparada pelos serviços do PN, se existir. Remessa da PPL a todas as comissões especializadas permanentes para emissão de parecer setorial e à Comissão C para Relatório e Parecer, nos prazos regimentais
5 OutComissões Especializadas Permanentes: Início da contagem de 15 dias para aprovação dos pareceres setoriais e seu envio à Comissão C para consolidação
10-18 OutTodas as Comissões Audições Públicas
20 OutData-limite para o envio de todos os pareceres setoriais à Comissão C
21-26 OutElaboração da conciliação de todos os Relatórios setoriais com o Relatório e Parecer da Comissão C
27 OutLeitura e aprovação do Relatório e Parecer da Comissão C sobre a PPL de OGE2023
7-9 NovPN Debate e votação na generalidade da PPL de OGE2023, pelo Plenário do PN
10-17 NovDebate e votação na especialidade e final global da PPL de OGE2023, pelo Plenário do PN
18 NovComissão C: Aprovação final global do Decreto do PN que aprova o OGE2023 
21 NovRedação Final do Decreto-Lei do PN que aprovou o OGE2023
22 NovEnvio da Redação Final do Decreto-Lei do PN que aprovou o OGE2023 para o Presidente da República para Promulgação

Públiku la hetan informasaun kona-ba audiénsia "públiku" iha Parlamentu, maibé ami hetan ajenda ba loron 10 Outubru, 13 Outubru, no kalendáriu ba Komisaun C ba loron 10-18 Outubru.

Iha loron 17 Outubru, La'o Hamutuk fahe submisaun ida ba Deputadu/a sira hotu iha Parlamentu Nasional, no sumariza iha komunikadu imprensa ida. Iha loron 19 Outubru, ami organiza konferénsia imprensa ne’ebé hetan kobertura iha RTTL-TV, GMN TV, TVE, Timor Post, Independente, Tatoli, Hatutan, Lafaek News, Lusa no media sira seluk. SMnewstimor tau video ida husi konferénsia imprensa tomak (30 minutu) iha Facebook Live.

Iha loron 7 Novembru, Parlamentu Nasional hahú debate iha plenária, ho diskursu husi Primeiru Ministru (Port.) no aprezentasaun paresér husi Komisaun C (Finansas Públikas, Port.). Paresér sira husi Komisaun sira seluk mak aneksu, inklui Komisaun D (Ekonómiku, Port.). Iha loron 9 Novembru, Parlamentu Nasional aprova OJE iha jeneralidade, ho votus a favor 40, kontra 0, no abstensaun 24. Debate iha espesialidade, inklui proposta alterasaun 90, la'o ate Parlamentu aprova OJE biliaun $3.16 final no global (ho alterasaun ki'ik balun) iha loron 17 Novembru ho votus a favor 42, kontra 21, no abstensaun 2.

Graphics

Grafiku sira

Documents (newest first)

2023 State Budget

2023 Major Planning Options

Dokumentu (atuál liu mak uluk)

2023 Orsamentu Jeral Estadu

2023 Grandes Opções do Plano

2022 budget rectification

State Budget for fiscal year 2022:

Orsamentu retifikativu ba tinan 2022

OJE ba tinan fiskal 2022:

Analysis and commentary

Analiza no komentáriu

Links to relevant topics on La'o Hamutuk's websiteLiga ba tópiku sira ne’ebé relevante iha website La’o Hamutuk

 

The Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis (La’o Hamutuk)
Institutu Timor-Leste ba Analiza no Monitor ba Dezenvolvimentu
Rua D. Alberto Ricardo, Bebora, Dili, Timor-Leste
P.O. Box 340, Dili, Timor-Leste
Tel: +670-3321040 or +670-77234330
email: 
laohamutuk@gmail.com    Web: http://www.laohamutuk.org    Blog: laohamutuk.blogspot.com